What’s the Difference between Environmental and Ecological Consulting?
June 17, 2015
Ecological and environmental consulting are closely related disciplines. The main difference between the two is that the Environmental Consulting is a more overarching field that incorporates many elements of Earth and life sciences, to understand various natural processes. Ecology, on the other hand, is usually more focused on how organisms interact with each other and with their immediate surroundings.
An important difference between ecology and environmental science is the goal of research in each discipline. Unlike environmental scientists, ecologists tend to focus their research on very specific populations of living things, such as a certain type of grass or a group of fishes. Ecologists seek to understand how populations interact, reproduce, and thrive within an ecosystem. They concentrate mainly on immediate factors such as food preferences, predation, and sexual selection within a group. Through careful observation and historical research, they explain the developmental and evolutionary adaptations that influence a species and their work is particularly important where development may threaten a species habitat, particularly if the species is rare or endangered.
Environmental scientists conduct field and laboratory studies to learn about a range of factors that influence an area. Like ecologists, they study living things and their behaviour’s in detail. In addition, they consider the impacts of climate, geological processes, temperature changes, and water cycles on sites and ecosystems. A strong educational background in the scientific method is necessary in both ecology and environmental science.
Professionals in both fields conduct rigorous, ethical, highly controlled studies and record their findings in detailed reports. When governments and industries set new standards, they usually consult professionals with backgrounds in these fields to provide expert advice. Environmental scientists might be contracted to analyze pollution levels and other risk factors near an industrial plant. Ecologists are needed to determine the welfare of certain populations and suggest ways to better protect endangered species. By combining the information gathered by scientists in both disciplines, authorities can create effective policies and make better decisions and regulations to ensure that development is managed in a sensitive way that protects our environment.